What Countries Share Borders (Sea And Land) With Europe?

Europe is one of the most bordered by several countries both by land and sea. It is a diverse and fascinating continent bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, the Mediterranean Sea to the south, and Asia to the east. Europe is made up of approximately 50 countries, each with its own distinct history, culture, and traditions.

It features vast mountain ranges, such as the Alps in Switzerland and the Pyrenees between Spain and France. It also has picturesque coastal areas, including the stunning fjords of Norway and the sun-drenched beaches of the Mediterranean.

Europe is home to numerous rivers, such as the Danube, Rhine, and Thames, which have played significant roles in shaping the continent’s history and trade routes. 

So now after sharing the basics of Europe and the history of its sea and land sharing, let us share the list of countries Europe shares its borders with! Also, if you wish to visit Europe ensure that necessary travel arrangements like flight itinerary for visa application are booked earlier to avoid any inconvenience. 

List Of Countries Share Borders With Europe 

Here is a list of countries that share sea and land borders with Europe.

  • Albania: Shares land borders with Montenegro, Kosovo, North Macedonia, and Greece.

  • Andorra: Located in the Pyrenees Mountains and shares a border with Spain.

  • Belarus: Shares land borders with Russia, Ukraine, Poland, Lithuania, and Latvia.
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina: Shares land borders with Croatia and Serbia.
  • Croatia: Shares land borders with Slovenia, Hungary, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Montenegro.

  • Georgia: Located partly in Europe and partly in Asia, it shares land borders with Russia, Azerbaijan, Armenia, and Turkey.

  • Iceland: Located in the North Atlantic Ocean, it does not share land borders with any other country.

  • Liechtenstein: Landlocked country located between Switzerland and Austria.

  • Moldova: Shares land borders with Romania and Ukraine.
  • North Macedonia: Shares land borders with Serbia, Kosovo, Bulgaria, Greece, and Albania.
  • Norway: Shares land borders with Sweden, Finland, and Russia. It also has a coastline along the North Atlantic Ocean and the Barents Sea.

  • Russia: The western part of Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Belarus, and Ukraine.

  • San Marino: Located in Italy, it is an enclave with no land borders with other countries.

  • Switzerland: Shares land borders with Germany, France, Italy, Austria, and Liechtenstein.

U.S. Travelers In Europe

US travellers in Europe typically have a variety of transportation options to choose from when travelling between countries or within a particular European country. So, when you travel to Europe, you can avail the following transportation services which makes it easier for the travellers to explore the beauty of Europe.


 Flying is often the fastest way to travel long distances between countries or across Europe. Many US travellers fly into major European airports, such as London Heathrow, Paris Charles de Gaulle, or Frankfurt Airport, and then use domestic or regional flights to reach their desired destinations within Europe. But even then you will require a dummy ticket for Schengen visa when you apply for the visa application.


Europe has an extensive and efficient rail network, making train travel a popular choice for US travellers. The Eurail Pass is a popular option that allows unlimited train travel within a specific period across multiple European countries. High-speed trains like the Eurostar (connecting the UK and mainland Europe), the Thalys (connecting France, Belgium, Germany, and the Netherlands), and the TGV (France’s high-speed train) offer quick and comfortable travel between major cities.


 Long-distance bus travel is another economical option in Europe. Companies like FlixBus and Eurolines offer extensive bus networks connecting major cities and even smaller towns across different European countries.

Rental Cars

Some US travellers prefer the flexibility and independence of renting a car to explore Europe at their own pace. However, it’s important to be aware of the varying driving laws, road conditions, and parking challenges in different countries.

Public Transportation

Within cities, public transportation systems like metro/subway, trams, and buses are commonly used by both locals and tourists. These systems provide convenient access to attractions and are generally well-developed in major European cities.

Walking And Cycling

 Europe is known for its walkable cities and picturesque towns. Many US travellers enjoy exploring on foot or renting bicycles to discover local attractions, historical sites, and charming neighbourhoods.

Related: Common Travel Tips For A Flight Reservation For Visa Application

It is worth noting that travel preferences and choices may vary depending on factors such as budget, time constraints, destinations, and personal preferences. Additionally, it’s always advisable to research and plan ahead, considering factors like visa requirements, transportation costs, and any regional restrictions or safety guidelines that may be in place.

Apply today for a Schengen visa so that you do not have to wait in the long queue and fly to explore the beauty of Europe! 

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